Company Benefits

Most benefits your company pays on your behalf are taxable on you and incur additional National Insurance. There are a few instances however, that are covered by current HMRC exemptions. These are addressed in the Business Expenses section, the most common being mobile phones and childcare costs.

A P11D is the form used to report expenses and benefits paid to directors and employees that have not been subject to PAYE tax. HMRC requires your company to notify these expenses for each director or employee after 5 April each year.

A P11D (b) is the form that is sent in to HMRC with the P11D showing the amount of any additional tax or Class 1A National Insurance due on the benefits. If there are no benefits or additional tax to report, then you are still obliged to confirm this with  HMRC  as  part of the P11D process.

 Wholly business expenses that you incur personally, known  as Reimbursed Expenses, do not require reporting on your P11D form.

However, you must continue to report expenses the business incurs directly but have a personal benefit to you, for example, gym membership or a loan.

For 2016/17 onwards, generally, having a P11D does means that you pay additional tax. It shows all benefits/taxable expenses paid out which have not been subject to PAYE.

Completing a P11D for a director and employees in receipt of a company benefit is a necessity and there are penalties of £100  for each month the PLLD (b) is late and incorrect returns are subject to a penalty based on potential lost revenue. 

Allowable expenses

Allowable business expenses are the costs incurred for the sole purpose of making profits for your business.

For expenses paid by the company to be allowable they must satisfy HMRC criteria that they are wholly and exclusively for the purpose of the trade. Similarly, expenses paid by you are only allowable if they are incurred wholly, necessarily and exclusively in the performance of the duties of your office or employment. You can read about these in our Business Expenses section.

Benefit in Kind occurs where your company incurs costs or provides assets for the private use of the director or employee. Additional tax is payable personally and potential Class 1A National Insurance is payable by the company. Generally, Benefit in Kind falls into several categories and depending on the type of benefit there may be a Class 1A National Insurance Charge.

The value of any Benefit in Kind must be reported annually by means of a P11D.  These details are then duplicated on the employment pages of your personal tax returns to ensure that you pay tax on the correct amounts.

Any taxable benefits will also be reflected in your PAYE tax code to ensure that tax is collected throughout the year rather than ending up with tax underpaid at the end of the year.

Class 1A National Insurance

Certain benefits attract additional National Insurance Contributions, known as Class 1A NIC. It is an employer liability that is a cost to your company but does not count towards your contributions for state benefits. For 2019/20 it is calculated at 13.8% of the total value of any benefits liable to Class1A. The Class 1A NIC is payable to HMRC by 22 July 2020 if paid electronically (in the case of 19/20).

As an employer you will be issued with a separate special pay slip for paying the Class 1A due, or it can be paid via an approved electronic method, see HMRC website

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